The paper approaches the development of Indonesia’s near-shore fisheries from a governance angle, with the ambition to contribute to the bridging of conceptual gaps between decision makers, technocrats, scholars and practitioners, while aiming to create a progressive narrative that incorporates lessons from a range of different scientific disciplines and history.
A Brief Review of Policy and Regulatory Reforms of Small-Scale Fisheries in Indonesia.
The current division of authority is problematic for a range of different reasons. One of them is that it undermines the subidiarity principle, that is, to allocate authority to the level of administration that is best placed to exercise it. Decisions by the district government on, say, waste management, infrastructure development or fish farming affect capture fisheries under the authority of provincial governments. Making the current division of authority work would require well structured and data-intensive coordination and communication across jurisdictions.
Small-scale octopus fisheries in Indonesia: A critical livelihood to traditional fishers.
Octopus fisheries take place on coral reef habitats throughout Indonesia and are dominated by traditional, small-scale shers. The growing demand for octopus − predominantly Octopus cyanea − particularly for export to Europe and the USA, has made it a high value product and increased fishing pressure. Traditional shers catch it using simple gear, and because other valuable nearshore species are depleted, it has become a critical livelihood to many poorer small-scale fishers.